Reef manta rays (Mobula alfredi) Nursery in Wayag Lagoon-gps

dc.contributor.authorSetyawan, Edy
dc.contributor.authorMambrasar, Ronald
dc.contributor.authorSianipar, Abraham
dc.contributor.authorLewis, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorMofu, Imanuel
dc.contributor.authorAmbafen, Orgenes
dc.contributor.authorIzuan, Muhamad
dc.contributor.authorHasan, Abdi
dc.contributor.authorErdmann, Mark
dc.description.abstractThe behaviour and spatial use patterns of juvenile manta rays within their critical nursery habitats remain largely undocumented. Here, we report on the horizontal movements and residency of juvenile reef manta rays (Mobula alfredi) at a recently discovered nursery site in the Wayag lagoon, Raja Ampat, Indonesia. Using a multi-disciplinary approach, we provide further corroborative evidence that the lagoon serves as an important M. alfredi nursery. A total of 34 juvenile rays were photo-identified from 47 sightings in the sheltered nursery between 2013–2021. Five (14.7%) of these individuals were resighted for at least 486 days (~1.3 years), including two juveniles resighted after 641 and 649 days (~1.7 years), still using the nursery. Visually estimated (n=34) disc widths (DW) of juveniles using the nursery site ranged from 150–240 cm (mean ± SD: 199 ± 19), and the DW of two juveniles measured using drones were 218 and 219 cm. Five juveniles were tracked using GPS-enabled satellite transmitters for 12–69 days (mean ± SD: 37 ± 22) in 2015 and 2017, and nine juveniles were tracked using passive acoustic transmitters for 69–439 days (mean ± SD: 182 ± 109) from May 2019–September 2021. Satellite-tracked individuals exhibited restricted movements within Wayag lagoon. The minimum core activity space (50% Utilisation Distribution-UD) estimated for these five individuals ranged from 1.1–181.8 km2 and the extent of activity space (95% UD) between 5.3–1,195.4 km2 in area. All acoustically tagged individuals displayed high residency within the nursery area, with no acoustic detections recorded outside the lagoon in the broader Raja Ampat region. These juveniles were detected by receivers in the lagoon throughout the 24 h diel cycle, with more detections recorded at night and different patterns of spatial use of the lagoon between day and night. The observed long-term residency of juvenile M. alfredi provides further compelling evidence that the Wayag lagoon is an important nursery area for this globally vulnerable species. These important findings have been used to underpin the formulation of management strategies to specifically protect the Wayag lagoon, which will be instrumental for the survival and recovery of M. alfredi populations in Raja Ampat region.
dc.rightsCC0 1.0 Universalen
dc.subjectacoustic telemetry
dc.subjectanimal movement
dc.subjectanimal tracking
dc.subjectmanta ray
dc.subjectMobula alfredi
dc.subjectsatellite telemetry
dc.titleReef manta rays (Mobula alfredi) Nursery in Wayag Lagoon-gps
dspace.entity.typeData package
  title = {Reef manta rays (Mobula alfredi) Nursery in Wayag Lagoon-gps},
  author = {Setyawan, E and Mambrasar, R and Sianipar, A and Lewis, S and Mofu, I and Ambafen, O and Izuan, M and Hasan, A and Erdmann, M},
  year = {2022},
  URL = {},
  doi = {doi:10.5441/001/1.n95c7182/2},
  publisher = {Movebank data repository}
Setyawan E, Mambrasar R, Sianipar A, Lewis S, Mofu I, Ambafen O, Izuan M, Hasan A, Erdmann M. 2022. Reef manta rays (Mobula alfredi) Nursery in Wayag Lagoon-gps. Movebank Data Repository.
ID  - doi:10.5441/001/1.n95c7182/2
T1  - Reef manta rays (Mobula alfredi) Nursery in Wayag Lagoon-gps
AU  - Setyawan, Edy
AU  - Mambrasar, Ronald
AU  - Sianipar, Abraham
AU  - Lewis, Sarah
AU  - Mofu, Imanuel
AU  - Ambafen, Orgenes
AU  - Izuan, Muhamad
AU  - Hasan, Abdi
AU  - Erdmann, Mark
Y1  - 2022/05/27
KW  - acoustic telemetry
KW  - animal movement
KW  - animal tracking
KW  - Argos
KW  - manta ray
KW  - Mobula alfredi
KW  - Mobula
KW  - satellite telemetry
KW  - Mobula
PB  - Movebank data repository
UR  -
DO  - doi:10.5441/001/1.n95c7182/2
ER  -