Foraging by white-fronted geese after disturbance (data from Nolet et al. 2016)-acc

dc.contributor.authorKölzsch, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorMüskens, Gerhard J.D.M.
dc.contributor.authorNolet, Bart A.
dc.contributor.authorWikelski, Martin
dc.description.abstract(1) With increasing numbers of many herbivorous waterfowl species, often foraging on farmland, the conflict with agriculture has intensified. One popular management tool is to scare birds off the land, often in association with shooting. However, the energy costs of flying are considerably higher than those of resting. Therefore, when birds fly off after a disturbance, they use extra energy that subsequently needs to be compensated. (2) We used the white-fronted goose Anser albifrons, the most common (grass-eating) species wintering in western Europe, as a model species. We measured flight durations by high-frequency accelerometer recordings over 2 × 24 h in 9 focal geese that were only incidentally disturbed. We also made direct observations on these days to determine whether the flight durations were reliably recorded. Using both a simple and a more realistic model of the energy balance, we calculated the extra grass consumption resulting from additional intentional disturbances. (3) On average, the geese flew daily 2 × 323 s (from and to their roosting sites at 3200 m), and furthermore took to the air 5.3 times during a day (and 1.9 times a night). Multiplied with the average flight durations of 195 s, this gives a total flying time of almost 0.6 h day-1 and a total foraging time of 7.4 h day-1. The extra foraging time needed to compensate for additional intentional disturbances strongly depends on the frequency of such disturbances and the following flight duration. If, for example, flights when intentionally disturbed are twice as long (2 × 195 s), the extra foraging time will be 3.7% day-1 (2.3–3.2% day-1 in the more realistic model) for each intentional disturbance, and the geese will no longer be able to cover their energy requirements when intentionally disturbed six times per day. (4) Synthesis and applications. Recent experiments suggest that geese have to be scared frequently in order to reduce goose visitation to particular fields. With an intentional disturbance rate e.g. of five times a day, the birds’ compensation for the increased energy expenditure will lead to a higher overall consumption of grass of 11.5–16 % day-1. Accommodation schemes have to take such increases in total grass consumption into account when deciding on the refuge areas to be set aside.
dc.rightsCC0 1.0 Universalen
dc.subjectaccelerometer data
dc.subjectanimal foraging
dc.subjectanimal movement
dc.subjectanimal tracking
dc.subjectAnser albifrons
dc.subjectenergy budget
dc.subjectflight costs
dc.subjectflight duration
dc.subjectgrass damage
dc.subjectGSM telemetry
dc.subjectwhite-fronted geese
dc.titleForaging by white-fronted geese after disturbance (data from Nolet et al. 2016)-acc
dspace.entity.typeData package
dwc.ScientificNameAnser albifrons
  title = {Foraging by white-fronted geese after disturbance (data from Nolet et al. 2016)-acc},
  author = {Kölzsch, A and Müskens, GJDM and Nolet, BA and Wikelski, M},
  year = {2016},
  URL = {},
  doi = {doi:10.5441/001/1.7tp81b7b/2},
  publisher = {Movebank data repository}
Kölzsch A, Müskens GJDM, Nolet BA, Wikelski M. 2016. Foraging by white-fronted geese after disturbance (data from Nolet et al. 2016)-acc. Movebank Data Repository.
ID  - doi:10.5441/001/1.7tp81b7b/2
T1  - Foraging by white-fronted geese after disturbance (data from Nolet et al. 2016)-acc
AU  - Kölzsch, Andrea
AU  - Müskens, Gerhard J.D.M.
AU  - Nolet, Bart A.
AU  - Wikelski, Martin
Y1  - 2016/05/20
KW  - accelerometer data
KW  - animal foraging
KW  - animal movement
KW  - animal tracking
KW  - Anser albifrons
KW  - disturbance
KW  - energy budget
KW  - flight costs
KW  - flight duration
KW  - grass damage
KW  - GSM telemetry
KW  - Movebank
KW  - white-fronted geese
KW  - Anser albifrons
PB  - Movebank data repository
UR  -
DO  - doi:10.5441/001/1.7tp81b7b/2
ER  -