Wader migration German Wadden Sea_ grey plovers-reference-data

dc.contributor.authorExo, Klaus-Michael
dc.contributor.authorHillig, Franziska
dc.contributor.authorBairlein, Franz
dc.description.abstractBackground: While the general migration routes of most waders are known, details concerning connectivity between breeding grounds, stopover sites and wintering grounds are often lacking. Such information is critical from the conservation perspective and necessary for understanding the annual cycle. Studies are especially needed to identify key stopover sites in remote regions. Using satellite transmitters, we traced spring and autumn migration routes and connectivity of Grey Plovers on the East Atlantic Flyway. Our findings also revealed the timing, flight speed, and duration of migrations. Methods: We used ARGOS satellite transmitters to track migration routes of 11 Grey Plovers that were captured at the German Wadden Sea where they had stopped during migration. Birds were monitored for up to 3 years, 2011‒2014. 
Results: Monitoring signals indicated breeding grounds in the Taimyr and Yamal regions; important staging sites on the coasts of the southern Pechora Sea and the Kara Sea; and wintering areas that ranged from NW- Ireland to Guinea Bissau. The average distance traveled from wintering grounds to breeding grounds was 5534 km. Migration duration varied between 42 and 152 days; during this period birds spent about 95% of the time at staging sites. In spring most plovers crossed inland Eastern Europe, whereas in autumn most followed the coastline. Almost all of the birds departed during favorable wind conditions within just 4 days (27‒30 May) on northward migration from the Wadden Sea. In spring birds migrated significantly faster between the Wadden Sea and the Arctic than on return migration in autumn (12 vs. 37 days), with shorter stopovers during the northward passage. 
Conclusions: Our study shows that satellite tags can shed considerable light on migration strategies by revealing the use of different regions during the annual cycle and by providing detailed quantitative data on population connectivity and migration timing.
dc.rightsCC0 1.0 Universalen
dc.subjectanimal movement
dc.subjectanimal tracking
dc.subjectavian migration
dc.subjectEast Atlantic Flyway
dc.subjectgrey plovers
dc.subjectPluvialis squatarola
dc.subjectsatellite telemetry
dc.subjectwading birds
dc.titleWader migration German Wadden Sea_ grey plovers-reference-data
dspace.entity.typeData package
dwc.ScientificNamePluvialis squatarola
  title = {Wader migration German Wadden Sea_ grey plovers-reference-data},
  author = {Exo, K and Hillig, F and Bairlein, F},
  year = {2019},
  URL = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5441/001/1.vv0ft02m/2},
  doi = {doi:10.5441/001/1.vv0ft02m/2},
  publisher = {Movebank data repository}
Exo K, Hillig F, Bairlein F. 2019. Wader migration German Wadden Sea_ grey plovers-reference-data. Movebank Data Repository. https://doi.org/10.5441/001/1.vv0ft02m/2
ID  - doi:10.5441/001/1.vv0ft02m/2
T1  - Wader migration German Wadden Sea_ grey plovers-reference-data
AU  - Exo, Klaus-Michael
AU  - Hillig, Franziska
AU  - Bairlein, Franz
Y1  - 2019/08/09
KW  - animal movement
KW  - animal tracking
KW  - Argos
KW  - avian migration
KW  - East Atlantic Flyway
KW  - grey plovers
KW  - Pluvialis squatarola
KW  - satellite telemetry
KW  - wading birds
KW  - Pluvialis squatarola
PB  - Movebank data repository
UR  - http://dx.doi.org/10.5441/001/1.vv0ft02m/2
DO  - doi:10.5441/001/1.vv0ft02m/2
ER  -